1889 Lord Stanley of
Preston, Canada’s sixth governor general and namesake of the Stanley
Cup, supervises the flooding of a large lawn on the grounds of
Government House. Lord and Lady Stanley and their children, including
two daughters, spend many hours on the rink playing hockey.
1890 - Isobel Preston,
daughter of Lord Preston, is pictured playing hockey at Rideau Hall in
Ottawa. It is the earliest known image on film of women involved in a
game of ice hockey.
1891 - The first newspaper
account of a game between two unnamed women’s teams appears in the
Ottawa Citizen on Feb. 11. The game, which was played in Ottawa,
Ontario, is now regarded as the start of women’s ice hockey.
1892 - What was originally
thought to be the first organized and recorded all-female ice hockey
game is played in Barrie, Ontario.
Research reveals a description of just one game in that community during
that year, and that the game actually featured women playing men dressed
- The first documented game is held in Barrie, On, 2 years before the 1st
Stanley Cup championship.
1894 - At Queen's
University in Kingston, Ont., a female club team The-Love-Me-Littles is
formed in defiance of the school Archbishop.
1896 - Women's teams are
formed at McGill University and in the Ottawa Valley.
1913 - Competitions are
held in the Maritimes involving the Red and Blues from Halifax and the
Kananites, another Nova Scotia team.
1914 - Picton wins the
first Ontario provincial championship.
1916 - An international
women's tournament is held in Cleveland, Ohio, featuring Canadian and
1921 - The University of
Toronto defeats McGill University in the intercollegiate championship.
The U of T Lady Blues won 11 titles, compared to two for Queen's before
the league was disbanded in 1933, owing to the Depression.
1927 - Queen’s goaltender
Elizabeth Graham becomes the first player to wear a face mask. She
donned a wire fencing mask to protect her face during intercollegiate
games. In 1959, more than three decades after Graham debuted her mask,
Montreal Canadiens' goalie Jacques Plante sets the trend that would
become standard for all goalies.
1930's - The Preston
Rivulettes, one of the greatest dynasties in Canadian sport, dominate
female hockey. 1930 - 1939, the Rivulettes claimed 10 Ontario, 10
Eastern Canadian and 6 Dominion titles.
- The Western Shield Championship was established, the longest running
women's hockey tournament.
1940s - 50s World War II
slows the growth of the women’s game as many women turn their attention
to working and supporting their families. The growth of men’s
professional hockey and the increased demand for ice time also hurt the
1967 - The first Dominion
Ladies Hockey Tournament is held in Brampton, Ont., featuring 22 teams
from Ontario. In 1996, the tournament boasted 200 teams.
1967-The inaugural Dominion
Ladies’ Hockey Tournament is held in Brampton, Ontario. The Dominion
grows into one of the world’s largest women’s tournaments.
1970s - Teams blossom
across Canada. In Montreal, the Cougars and the Titan are formed and in
Edmonton, the Chimos are established. Teams also are forming in Sweden,
Finland, Japan, China, Korea, Norway, Germany and Switzerland. U.S.
college varsity and club teams sprout in the Midwest and the Northeast.
1970s -Teams are forming in
Sweden, Finland, Japan, China, Korea, Norway, Germany and Switzerland.
Canadian provincial and college organizations begin operation. U.S.
college varsity and club teams form in the Midwest and East, while
participation by girls in youth hockey rises. Special chest pad and
pelvic protector gear is designed for women.
1980 -The Amateur Hockey
Association of the United States (now known as USA Hockey) hosts the
first National Championships for girls’ pee wee and midget divisions.
Taylor, Mich., wins the inaugural pee wee crown and Wayzata, Minn., is
the first girls’ midget National Champion.
-Senior women are included in USA Hockey’s National Championships, with
Assabet Valley, Mass., winning the Senior A National Championship and
Cape Cod, Mass., winning the Senior B crown.
1982 - The Canadian
National Championship is reintroduced. The Hamilton Golden Hawks defeat
the Edmonton Chimos for the championship.
1987 - The first Women’s
World Invitational Tournament is held in North York and Mississauga,
Ontario, with teams representing Canada, Ontario, the U.S., Sweden,
Switzerland, Holland and Japan competing. The U.S. defeats Sweden, 5-0,
for the bronze medal. Groups lobby the International Ice Hockey
Federation for the creation of a Women’s World Championship.
1989 - The IIHF president
attends the European Women’s Championship, and plans are drawn for
future IIHF Women’s World Championships.
1990 - The first IIHF
sanctioned Women's World Championship is held in Ottawa. Canada beats
Team USA in the gold medal final.
1991 - Women's Hockey is
included for the first time at the Canada Winter Games in Charlottetown,
PEI. Alberta wins gold.
1992 - The second IIHF
Women's World Championship is held in Tampere, Finland. Canada beats the
U.S. in the final. Discussions are held on including Women's Hockey at
the Olympics, possibly as early as 1994 in Lillehammer.
1992 - July 21, the IOC
votes to add women's ice hockey to the calendar of Winter Olympic events
as a full medal sport starting in 2002.
- November 17, the Nagano Organizing Committee and an IOC Co-ordination
Commission met in Tokyo and announced that women's hockey would be an
official medal sport at the 1998 Winter Olympics.
1992 - On Nov. 17, the
International Olympic Committee announces that it will include women’s
ice hockey as a full medal sport beginning in 2002. The IOC gives the
organizers of the 1994 Games in Lillehammer, Norway, and the 1998 Games
in Nagano, Japan, the option of including women’s ice hockey on their
programs. Norway declines but Japan accepts and will showcase women’s
ice hockey in its debut.
1993 - The first junior
(Under-18) National Championship is held in Montreal, Que. Team Ontario
1993 - For the first time
ever, women’s ice hockey is included at the U.S. Olympic Festival in San
Antonio, Texas. The U.S. defeats Canada in a two-game series for the
On Oct. 30, goaltender Erin
Whitten makes history by becoming first woman ever to record a victory
in a professional hockey game. As a member of the East Coast Hockey
League’s Toledo Storm, she posted a 6-5 win against the Dayton Bombers.
1994 - The third Women's
World Championship is held in Lake Placid, NY. Canada beats Team USA in
the Gold medal final.
1994 - Minnesota becomes
the first state in the U.S. to sanction girls’ ice hockey as a high
school varsity sport. Goaltender Erin Whitten from Glens Falls, N.Y., is
the recipient of the first-ever USA Hockey Women’s Hockey Player of the
1995 - The first IIHF
Pacific Rim Championship is held in San Jose, California, with Canada,
the U.S., China and Japan competing. Canada beats the U.S. in overtime
to win gold.
1996 - The second Pacific
Rim Championship is held in Vancouver, BC. Canada beats Team USA to win
1996 - The inaugural 3
Nations Cup is held in the Ottawa area, between Canada, the U.S. and
Finland. Canada beats Team USA 1-0 in the gold medal final.
1996 - March 7 marks
another historic date for U.S. goaltender Erin Whitten as she becomes
the first women to appear in a professional hockey game in a position
other than goaltender – as a member of the Colonial Hockey League’s
Flint Generals, she played at forward for 18 seconds in a game against
the Madison Monsters. On March 10, after playing for 145 minutes and 35
seconds, the University of New Hampshire defeats Providence College,
3-2, in the ECAC Championship game, making it the longest college hockey
game – men’s or women’s – ever. UNH’s Brandy Fisher scores the
game-winner in the fifth overtime. Louisville Hockey unveils a full line
of high-performance ice hockey equipment specially designed for women
players. The new line for girls and women includes hip protection,
shoulder protection, gloves, sticks and goaltending equipment.
1997 - The fourth women's
World Championship is held in Kitchener, Ont., it serves as the
qualifying event for the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. Canada wins
1997 - The United States
extends Canada to overtime before falling, 4-3, in the gold medal game
of the fourth IIHF Women’s World Championship in Kitchener, Ontario.
Finland adds a fourth bronze medal to its cache by defeating China, 3-0.
Forward Laurie Baker of Concord, Mass., receives the 1997 USA Hockey
Women’s Player of the Year Award.
1997 - The top 28 players
in Canada centralize in Calgary, Alberta for 5 months of pre-Olympic
1998 - Women's hockey makes
its first appearance in the Winter Olympic Games with the U.S.A. winning
first Olympic gold.
1998 - Canada, the U.S.,
Finland, China, Sweden and host nation Japan make up the field of six
teams that will compete at the 1998 Olympic Winter Games in Nagano,
Japan, as women’s ice hockey makes its debut in the Olympics.
1999 - Canada captures its
fifth straight World Championship in Espoo Finland. Who finished second
2000 - Canada captures its
sixth straight World Championship in Mississauga, Ontario. Who finished
second & third?
Canada captures its seventh straight World Championship in ? Who
finished second & third?
Olympic Gold for
Canada in Salt Lake City.
Silver to the Us and Bronze to ?
Hailey Wickenheiser is drafted to a
professional men's league - who, what when and why?